Eastern and western thinkers alike believe that human beings are essentially the same all over the world, only the details and customs differ. As individuals, one must do what is supposed to be done without causing ill to others. While Western psychology seems to reflect an … Today, the cultures of the world can be divided into two main parts such as the Eastern and Western culture. Clearly, human beings cannot be reduced to parts but must be understood within the context of the whole. In Eastern philosophy, though, the self is often treated as an illusion. Individualism – favours the individual as an independent entity and encourages self-promotion and self-worth. In contrast, the Western civilization is more individualistic, trying to find the meaning of life here and now with self at the center as it is already given and part of the divine. The earliest religious writings in the East are known as the Vedas, and form the basis of Hindu philosophy and religion. The title of this paper was “Uniting Eastern Philosophy and Western Science” (1992). Not all Chinese (or Westerners) think this way, but these are observed tendencies.. Reflections on Eastern and Western Spirituality This article can be read separately, but it is intended to be an appendix to the previous one, The Role of the Citizen in a Spiritual Society , and it would be helpful if all readers are familiar with the material there. Satisfaction with what one has is the key. Differentiate the concept of self according to Western thought against Eastern/Oriental perspectives; 2. In Western thought, people tend to answer affirmatively and think of the self as an entity separate from others. Metaphysics studies the type of things that exist and includes reflections on ultimate reality … the views of Brahman and the self in Hinduism and the marks of existence in Buddhism, as well as related discussions of the five aggregates are all part … of metaphysics. Western philosophy was born during the Archaic age of Greece (ca. In fact, human beings are essentially the same the world over, only the details and customs differ, and the philosophies of eastern and western thinkers make this quite clear. The Concept of Time. the Self in the East and the West as purported by Alan Watts. Get this from a library! God the Self and Nothingness: Reflections Eastern and Western (God, the Contemporary Discussion Series) [Carter, Robert E.] on Amazon.com. Reviewed by Ruth Hagengruber, University of Paderborn, Germany This book presents a courageous analysis of the philosophical concept of the self and its marked influence on Western history and civilisation. To some extent Western formulations of the self evidence a homunculus-like quality lacking in some Eastern conceptions, especially those derived from the Vijnanavada and Zen Buddhist traditions. It forms a bridge between the absolute and the relative, between the apparently real, and the truly real, between what we perceive as secular and what we know as holy. • Eastern- also called Oriental; represents Asia • Western- represents Europe and Northern America 3. Aspect 1: Where Thinking Happens — Internally or Externally By and large, cultures in the West tend to be more individualistic whereas people from the East are more collectivist. They were written over a … THE SELF IN WESTERN. Part of what is developing in children as they grow is the fundamental cognitive part of the self, known as the self-concept. The Eastern philosophy is drawn much more into groups or society or people’s actions and thoughts as one in order to find meaning in life as they try to get rid of the false “me” concept and find meaning in discovering the true “me” in relation to everything around them… Main Article Presocratics. Concepts of the Self: Western and Eastern Perspectives. All Western philosophers prior to Socrates are known as the "presocratics". A portrait of the author Gish Jen, whose book Tiger Writing: Art, Culture, and the Interdependent Self, explores Eastern and Western differences in self-narration. Eastern and western philosophy of self 1. The concept of time marks another telling difference between Eastern and Western thought. God the Self and Nothingness: Reflections Eastern and Western (God, the Contemporary Discussion Series) EASTERN AND WESTERN PHILOSOPHY The subject of philosophy has always been divided along two lines of thinking – the eastern and the western. For Socrates, the goal of philosophy was to "know thyself".Lao Tzu, in his Tao Te Ching, says "Knowing others is wisdom.. Knowing the self is enlightenm Comparison of Western and Oriental Thought is a book written by Sierran sociologist Mark Culler and published in 1904 which has been identified as the most influential book in Sierra, and one of the most important sociological books in the 20th century. This would be explained with the selfless approach to life. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. The Buddhist notion of self circumvents reification, being an impermanent gestalt formed by the interaction of five skandhas or aggregates (form, feelings, perceptions, impulses, consciousness). “Conceptual self” (Neisser, 1997), “Relational Self” (Jordan, 1991), “Public and private selves” (Morin, 1998) have just been a few amongst the many terms offered in the explanation of the ways people perceive themselves and their world. 800-500 BC), when Greek thinkers broke with purely mythological explanations of the world by attempting to explain nature logically. Though each line is concerned with finding the right path to follow, the methodology and teachings of the philosophers from either line of thinking has been distinct and different. There is still a widespread inclination to think that there is an unbridgeable chasm between Eastern and Western philosophy. AND EASTERNTHOUGHT LESSON OBJECTIVES. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. The Self in Western Thought Eastern philosophy also thrives on virtues. Lesson 4: The Self in Western and Eastern Thoughts 2. Western science has relied on methods for reducing processes to their most elemental level and investigating them in isolation as single variables. The differences between Eastern and Western thought can be clearly seen in modern society, despite globalization and unifying influences. Ancient Eastern Philosophy On the Ancient Wisdom of Buddhism, Hinduism, Taoism & Confucianism. Both Western and Eastern civilizations have been occupied with self-knowledge and underscored its importance particularly citing the paradoxical combination of immediate availability and profound obscurity involved in its pursuit. All religion, whether Western or Eastern, is a nexus. Humans are intersubjective beings interacting with other people and environmental factors in a constant state of flux. [Robert Edgar Carter;] Western heritage: The western tradition is commonly acknowledged to be “imbued with a style of Start studying LESSON 5: THE SELF IN WESTERN AND EASTERN THOUGHT. Hence different parts of the world feature different cultures that vary very much from one another. The self-concept is a knowledge representation that contains knowledge about us, including our beliefs about our personality traits, physical characteristics, abilities, values, goals, and roles, as well as the knowledge that we exist as individuals. And a Western bias still is that the East can learn from the West, rather than vice versa, and indeed is doing so, as is exhibited in the spread of technology, capitalism and democracy. To hear more reflections from Gish Jen, click on her portrait and listen to an interview conducted by Harvard University Press. Ulrich Steinvorth, Rethinking the Western Understanding of the Self, Cambridge UP, 2009, 222pp., $26.99 (pbk) ISBN 9780521757072. Richard C. Page: is an associate professor in the Department of Counseling and Human Development Services at the University of Georgia, Athens. What are the diff… The most important characteristic of the Eastern world view - one could almost say the essence of it - is the awareness of the unity and mutual interrelation of all things and events, the experience of all phenomena in the world as manifestations of a basic oneness. At the end of this lesson, you should be able to: 1. Collectivism – individuals are part of a group and the needs of the group come before the individual. Meanwhile, Western philosophy focuses on ethics. Create a representation of the Filipino self. Richard C. Page. The culture of a community or a nation depends upon the surroundings, the values and beliefs that they are brought up upon. Associate professor in the Department of Counseling and Human Development Services. God, the self, and nothingness : reflections eastern and western. Explain the concept of self as found in Asian thoughts; and 3. Reductionism, while useful in certain applications, is not helpful in understanding the person. However throughout the years, the two have come to influence one another constantly due to globalization, and shaping and moulding one another in the process. The differences listed below are heavily stereotyped, generalized, and polarized. 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