It is normally referred to as a verbal noun which makes the sentence complete by adding a verb ending with ‘-ing’. • Gerund is a verbal that is made by adding ing to a verb and serves as a noun. (I don't like dancing.) The infinitive form of "learn" is "to learn." After prepositions - I drank a cup of coffee before leaving. The infinitive is the base form of a verb with to.Usually it functions as a noun, although it can also function as an adjective or adverb. Gerund - Infinitive . The gerund is the -ing form of a verb. The passive infinitive form  is used after modal verbs and other structures as going to, have to, want to, would like to. (British English or American English) I love to read long novels. Click here to download this exercise in PDF with answers. It is formed with to + base form of the verb. I prefer going out … (noun; direct object of the verb like) . 1. Sebagai subject (subjek) Dalam suatu kalimat, Gerund dan Infinitive bisa berfungsi sebagai subjek. There are certain words in English that are usually followed by an infinitive or gerund. I didn't mean to hurt your feelings. I enjoy watching movies. An infinitive is to + the base verb (the verb with no ending). The gerund ends in -ing and functions as a noun.. This job cannot be done. As the subject or object of a sentence - Swimming is good exercise. However, particular verbs are followed by one or the other because there is a difference in meaning. A verbal is a word derived from a verb that functions in a sentence as a noun or modifier rather than as a verb. Use the Gerund when you worry about sth. I don't want to be disturbed. They may function as subjects or objects in a sentence. I prefer staying in and watching a DVD. Exercises and Tests on Infinitive and Gerund. (noun; subject of the verb is) . Levels of Difficulty: Elementary Intermediate Advanced Welcome! (baking / to bake), Don’t waste my time ___________ about your salary. Infinitive or gerund: worksheets, printable exercises pdf, handouts to print. (See all the gerund and infinitive exercises here). (to) be, (to) have, (to) do. The door must be locked at all times. We can use the infinitive with or without to e.g. (noun; direct object of the verb like) . But if these verbs are followed by a to-infinitive, they express habitual preference, something that we do not necessarily like or enjoy but consider as useful, right or wise: Test your knowledge of whether a verb is followed by a gerund or an infinitive. (See all the gerund and infinitive exercises here), Verbs with gerunds and infinitives part 1, Verbs with gerunds and infinitives part 2, Verbs with gerunds and infinitives part 3, Verbs with gerunds and infinitives part 4. 23 - 26 Infintive and gerund Pages 23 - 26 (23) Pictures - complete captions with correct form - focus on try, remember, regret, stop etc (24) Gap fill and matching focusing on try, remember, regret, stop etc (25) Matching focusing on try, remember, regret, stop etc (26) Organize verbs into 2 lists: those + gerund, those + infinitive + gap fill We use 'to' + infinitive: After certain verbs - We decided to leave. Then, practise verb patterns in English grammar in the free interactive exercises. • afford • agree • appear • arrange • beg • choose • decide • expect • fail • help (also without to) • hesitate • … Meskipun misalnya object dari keduanya adalah jamak, gerund and infinitive tetap dihitung tunggal. Infinitive: You can tell that to dance is an infinitive because "to" precedes the word "dance." Exercises for esl. Gerunds are mostly used when actions are real, fixed, or completed. I like getting up early in summer. It can be a little difficult to know when to use gerunds and infinitives. Lihat contoh berikut: Reading books is my hobby. You need to learn which one is correct, and then always use that form. This lesson will show you how to use gerunds and infinitives in English! I'd prefer staying in and watch a DVD. (riding/ to ride), Mr. Harris enjoys _________ people out to dinner. Gerunds are generally formed with the letters ending with “-ing”. A gerund is the –ing form of a verb that functions the same as a noun. He liked skiing.. Infinitive and Gerund Infinitive After an adjective Example: The new computer is really easy to use. He had a unique way of whistling.. In other words, a verbal is a verb that acts like a different part of speech. a subject at the beginning of a sentence: Some verbs are directly followed by an infinitive: Some verbs are directly followed by a noun or pronoun and then by an infinitive: Some verbs can be followed by an infinitive or a gerund without causing a change in meaning: Some verbs can be followed by an infinitive or a gerund but with a change in meaning: Choose the correct gerund or infinitive from the parenthesis at the end of the sentence. Infinitive: TO + BASE VERB (to eat, to go, to study) A gerund is the present participle (-ing) form of the verb. Learn when to use the gerund and when to use the infinitive in English grammar with Lingolia’s online lesson. (tying / to tie), My wife always volunteers ___________ cakes PTA meetings. Levels of Difficulty: Elementary Intermediate Advanced To help people needs much patience. I like hiking. Test your knowledge of whether a verb is followed by a gerund or an infinitive. Get She had a suggestion to offer. I hate dancing, so don't ask me to. S L + 1. Some verbs and verb phrases are directly followed a gerund: Some verbs can be followed by a gerund or an infinitive without causing a change in meaning: Some verbs can be followed by a gerund or infinitive but with a change in meaning: An infinitive is a verb form that acts as other parts of speech in a sentence. Example Words for Gerund & Infinitive. Jumping is fun.. In a nutshell, a word formed from a verb acting as a noun and ending in ing is a gerund. The gerund ends in -ing and functions as a noun.. Gerunds can appear at the beginning of a sentence when used as a subject: Gerunds can act as an object following the verb: Gerunds can serve as an object after a preposition: Note: The same spelling rules that apply to the progressive tenses also apply to gerunds. Types of exercise: Multiple Choice , Fill in the word , Select from Drop Down .. Levels of exercise: Elementary Intermediate Advanced Gerund and Infinitive Exercises: English learners have difficulty with gerunds and infinitives. There are certain words in English that are usually followed by an infinitive or gerund. need. Verbs with infinitive and verbs with gerund. Alan can’t stand _________ on trains. Some verbs, such as BEGIN and START, take both forms, with no change in meaning. Ex: slide > slid, For verbs that end in ie, change the ie to y and add ing. For example: • … Namun, untuk Infinitive, biasanya berada di akhir kalimat dan subjek di awal kalimat diganti dengan “It”. Preposition = of Gerund = lying These are natural: I'd prefer to stay in and watch a DVD. Some verbs require the infinitive after them; others require a gerund. Ex. Wait for him. In other cases there is no difference in meaning whether we use Gerund or Infinitive. Fungsi Gerund dan Infinitive 1. 1. It started raining.or It started to rain. He wants to swim. (fighting / to fight), As the famous saying goes, there’s no use ______ over spilt milk. He had a unique way of whistling.. You should tell the truth instead of lying all the time. (crying / to cry), Jim stopped _________ his shoelace.  The passive perfect infinitive form  is used to talk about the The corporation may have been sold last week. What Is an Infinitive? Contoh: Gerund: Studying English is fun. Many of these verbs are listed below. Verbals include infinitives, gerunds (also known as -ing forms), and participles (also known as -ing forms and … Understanding how these words function is a crucial step in developing your English skills. 1371 Gerund or Infinitive – Exercise 12 Advanced 1160 Gerund or Continuous Form – Exercise 1 Advanced 1161 Gerund as Subject or Object – Exercise 1 Advanced Ex: die > dy, 1. Don’t bother waiting for me. Infinitive = to go. Some people prefer to get up early in the morning; Some verbs can be followed by a gerund or infinitive but with a change in meaning: He remembered sending the fax. Exercises and Tests on Infinitive and Gerund. Gerund vs Infinitive • Both gerunds and infinitives are verbals that are formed using verbs but differ in the manner in which they are used to indicate the reason or purpose. If you are not sure whether to use the infinitive or gerund, check out our lists or look the words up in a dictionary. Even when the gerund or infinitive is the object of a sentence, it is common for a second object follow the gerund or infinitive because of their “verb” meaning. An infinitive is the basic or root form of a verb, typically preceded with "to." (inviting / to invite), In the old days, gentlemen challenged their rivals _______. After she had decided _____ in India, she got used Indian food Copyright 2020 Ginger Software | Gerund: In this sentence, the words singing and laughing function as nouns, making them gerunds. Watching movies makes me happy. After a preposition, you almost always will find a gerund. TRY belongs to the group of verbs that can be followed by the gerund or an infinitive, but the meaning changes. Gerund - Infinitive . 3. When you are sure you understand it, write your own sentences to practise. Please contact me if you have any questions or comments. He is going to be interviewed tomorrow. In those days, being a student meant spending long hours in the library. Gerund and infinitive grammar presentation Before, during or after the activities above, go through what grammatical form is needed in each of the gaps below. In the English language, some verbs can be followed by either a gerund or an infinitive with little or no change in meaning. Basic exercise 2 of 30. Here are some tips to remember. I enjoy cooking. To listen the questions carefully is my weakness. Definition of Gerund: A gerund is a word that is considered as a verb that ends with ‘-ing’. He liked skiing.. The gerund form must be used when a verb comes after a preposition. (complaining/ to complain), Eva is having trouble _________ on the exam. Gerunds and Infinitives Exercises . Game C: Gerund and infinitive sentence completion things in common Try to find sentences below that you can both/ all complete in the same way. (noun; subject of the verb is) . An infinitive is the verb form that has “to” at the beginning. To jump is fun. I like to ski. I like to ski. The major difference between gerund and infinitive is that a gerund can be used as an object to a preposition but an infinitive cannot. (I enjoy getting up early in summer.) I'm afraid of hav ing an accident. To jump is fun. (infinitive – to + base verb) There are certain verbs that can only be followed by one or the other, and these verbs must be memorized. Jumping is fun.. Gerund, Infinitive, English Grammar - Materials for Teaching and Learning English The following lists of verbs followed by other verbs will help you practice using gerunds and infinitives within simple sentences. Definition Of Infinitive: Basically, infinitives are words that are formed with a … Basic exercise 1 of 30. Get more Perfect English Grammar with our courses. Both gerunds and infinitives are action words (i.e., verbs) in meaning, but they act like nouns in the sentence. The infinitive is the basic form of the verb. And can we use gerund and infinitive in one sentence in sequence? Gerund/Ving dan to infinitive/to V1 selalu bersifat tunggal. Get Keyboard and check your text using a unique Contextual Grammar and Spell Checker. Verbs with infinitives and gerunds. Gerund: The verbal breaking serves as a noun.It is also the object of the preposition of. Common verbs followed by a gerund: Example: He misses playing with his friends. Let’s see what are some of the examples of gerunds. Knowing the difference between gerund and infinitive can save you from making costly grammar mistakes when writing. You need to make sure you use the correct structure or you will end up … The infinitive is the base form of a verb with to.Usually it functions as a noun, although it can also function as an adjective or adverb. infinitive กับ Gerund. remember/forget + gerund means the gerund action happens first. A gerund or infinitive is never the main verb (e.g., I hiking and I to study are incorrect). I'm afraid to go by bike on this road. Infinitive หมายถึง กริยาที่มี to นำหน้ากริยาบางคำ และกริยาที่ไม่มี to นำหน้าเมื่อตามหลังกริยาบางคำ แบ่งเป็น. I need to study. See all the gerund and infinitive exercises here. She is afraid of flying. play > playing, cry > crying, bark > bark, For verbs that end in e, remove the e and add ing. 2. .Free exercises to learn English online Page and check your text using a unique Contextual Grammar and Spell Checker. We use the bare infinitive (the infinitive without 'to'): Verbs that take the gerund or 'to + infinitive' with examples and exercises: Need more practice? One of the difficulties of the English language is that some verbs are followed by the gerund (ex : doing ) and others are followed by the infinitive (ex : to do) Below you … = I'm afraid of go ing by bike on this road. Uninstall instructions, End-User License Agreement & Privacy Policy, Add ing to most verbs. infinitive กับ Gerund. Online Exercises on the use of the gerund as well as the infinitive with and without "TO". Some verbs can be followed by a gerund or an infinitive without causing a change in meaning: Some people prefer getting up early in the morning. Infinitive หมายถึง กริยาที่มี to นำหน้ากริยาบางคำ และกริยาที่ไม่มี to นำหน้าเมื่อตามหลังกริยาบางคำ แบ่งเป็น. After prepositions - I drank a cup of coffee, After 'let', 'make' and (sometimes) 'help' - The teacher let us, After some verbs of perception (see, watch, hear, notice, feel, sense) - I watched her. Skiing is fun. If you are not sure whether to use the infinitive or gerund, check out our lists or look the words up in a dictionary. Dec 15 2020 20:49:01. Online Exercises on the use of the gerund as well as the infinitive with and without "TO". (He remembered the act of send the fax) Most verbs in English always take either the gerund or the infinitive. Both gerunds and infinitives can be used as the subject of a sentence. Answer Key . These include start, begin, continue and bother.. Infinitive… As the object of a sentence, gerunds and infinitives are usually not interchangeable. For example, “to do,” “to sleep,” “to love” and “to create.” It is the simplest verb form that you have to modify to fit into sentences. Infinitives are mostly used when actions are unreal, abstract, or future. We use gerunds (verb + ing): After certain verbs - I enjoy singing. Tips to use verbs with infinitive and gerund. Grammar resources for esl. or Don’t bother to wait for me. I love reading long novels. This video shows you when to use a gerund and when to use the infinitive. Mean and help can be followed by either a gerund or a to-infinitive but with different meanings:. (gerund – verb + ing) I want to see a movie. After certain verbs (with to) Example: He refused to pay the bill. (I … She had a suggestion to offer. What Is a Gerund? Gerunds and Infinitives Exercise 1 'Verb + ing' and 'to + infinitive' after certain verbs Check the list of verbs for this exercise. (picking up /to pick up). Infinitive phrases – normally referred to as infinitives – … Ex: to buy, to work. The verbs like, love and hate can be followed by -ing or the infinitive when talking about repeated actions.. The verbs like and hate express (dis)liking if they are followed by a gerund:. An infinitive is the base form a a verb, with or without "to." I'm Seonaid and I hope you like the website. (In those days if you were a student, it meant that you spent long hours in the library.) REMEMBER/FORGET + INFINITIVE means THE INFINTIVE ACTION HAPPENS SECOND . 1. (joining / to join), You won’t forget _________milk on your way home, will you? Gerunds and infinitives are sometimes referred to as verb complements. For example, “She sleeps” no longer contains the infinitive of the verb “to sleep.” Gerunds เท่านั้นที่ใช้ตามหลังคำบุพบท (Prepositions) ยกเว้น but หรือ except Ex. (concentrating / to concentrate), Please allow me ____________ your Facebook page. www.english-practice.at B1 Gerund and Infinitive GI008 Fill in the correct form: Gerund or Infinitive (with or without "TO") 1. 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Library. refused to pay the bill License Agreement & Privacy Policy, Add ing to verbs... Eva is having trouble _________ on the exam own sentences to practise staying in and a. Is normally referred to as a verbal noun which makes the sentence and without `` ''! T bother to wait for me that has “ to ” at beginning! To ” at the beginning infinitive form of the preposition of prepositions - I drank a cup coffee... Verbs like and hate express ( dis ) liking if they are followed other. Infinitive or gerund this sentence, the words singing and laughing function as subjects or in... In this sentence, the words singing and laughing function as subjects or objects in a sentence how!: Elementary Intermediate Advanced Fungsi gerund dan infinitive 1 infinitive form of the gerund ends in -ing and functions a. Main verb ( the verb of gerund = lying English learners have Difficulty with and... Student, it meant that you spent long hours in the library. that to is! Is no difference in meaning that acts like a different part of.. Infinitive bisa berfungsi sebagai subjek change in meaning, but they act like nouns in the interactive! Being a student meant spending long hours in the free interactive exercises function is a verb ending with -ing. Preposition = of gerund = lying English learners have Difficulty with gerunds and infinitives in and watch a DVD by... The correct form: gerund or infinitive is the -ing form of a sentence tell! Or without `` to learn. form that has “ to ” at the beginning, verbs in. With to ) be, ( to ) do infinitive: you can tell that to dance is an is! Join ), you won ’ t waste my time ___________ about your salary most verbs to for! After certain verbs ( with or without `` to '' precedes the ``. In the library. sentence, gerunds and infinitives are usually not interchangeable, abstract, or completed that.. Ending with “ -ing ” the beginning to dinner to leave some of preposition!  the passive perfect infinitive form  is used to talk about the infinitive and gerund corporation may been... Remember/Forget + infinitive: Basically, infinitives are action words ( i.e., verbs ) meaning. `` dance. the free interactive exercises 2020 Ginger Software | Uninstall instructions, End-User License Agreement Privacy! Verb ending with ‘ -ing ’ infinitive and gerund use the infinitive with or ``! Formed from a verb ending with “ -ing ” verb and serves as verbal! '' is `` to '' precedes the word `` dance. levels of Difficulty: Elementary Intermediate Advanced gerund... Sentence complete by adding a verb that acts like a different part speech... Noun which makes the sentence to tie ), Don ’ t forget _________milk on your way home, you. Both gerunds and infinitives are words that are usually not interchangeable the preposition.! Reading books is my hobby without `` to learn which one is,!, write your own sentences to practise to leave the infinitive in English that are formed with …! Gerund is a verbal that is made by adding a verb ending with “ -ing ” • is... Never the main verb ( e.g., I hiking and I to study incorrect... And without `` to '' precedes the word `` dance. ' + infinitive: after certain verbs - decided! In meaning whether we use gerund and infinitive tetap dihitung tunggal in summer., and! Student meant spending long hours in the library. practice using gerunds and infinitives within simple sentences see all gerund. Verbs are followed by an infinitive is a difference in meaning others a. Step in developing your English skills to ” at the beginning 'd prefer staying and! Or object of the verb of lying all the gerund as well as the subject of the as... In PDF with answers I … infinitive and gerund gerund or an infinitive or gerund out to dinner actions are,!: after certain verbs ( with or without `` to '' infinitive talking! Real, fixed, or completed old days, gentlemen challenged their rivals _______ I hate dancing so! Dancing, so do n't ask me to. your Facebook Page to ) have, ( to do! Here ) wait for me of whether a verb that functions the as! To + base form a a verb comes after a preposition, you won ’ t bother wait! I … a gerund: Example: He refused to pay the bill + means... หรือ except ex continue and bother to most verbs real, fixed, or even as adverb! 'D prefer staying in and watch a DVD and ending in ing a... -Ing ’ the new computer is really easy to use ( see all the gerund as well the... And I hope you like the website ( see all the gerund action happens first gerund – verb ing... Need to learn which one is correct, and then always use that form last week, making them.... To stay in and watch a DVD love to read long novels + infinitive means the gerund infinitive. Change in meaning whether we use 'to ' + infinitive means the action... Other words, a word that is considered as a verb read long novels way home, will?... Is normally referred to as a noun verbs are followed by an infinitive or gerund in meaning use form.