Speed − Typically, a computer can carry out 3-4 million instructions per second. The CPU or central processing unit is located on the motherboard and is the part of the computer where all that input/output informa… A pointing device that senses movement, it is used to interact with items displayed on the computer screen by clicking buttons. It is positioned on the extreme right-hand side of the keyboard. Title. Tell students that Computer Basics is a two to four hour course designed to familiarize students new to computers with basic computer terminology, hardware, software, input (mouse and keyboard) and output (document) devices, as well as the Microsoft Windows file structure. However, any introductory course in the use of micro-computers is likely to have covered this material already. Includes bibliographical re ferences and index. It i s of tremendou s he lp in . 6 years ago I knew nothing about computers and didn't even know where to find the start button! For you to be able to use a computer, you must turn it on. Tag Archives: introduction to computer basics pdf. Thanks for the vote, share and visit. If a system is already running but needs to be restarted, it is called rebooting. Used in a word processor, it will take you one line down. Versatility − Computers can carry out a wide range of work from data entry and ticket booking to complex mathematical calculations and continuous astronomical observations. Computer as a revolution left no are a o f life untouched in the p resent world. After locating the power button, turn on the system unit, and then turn on the monitor (there is no particular order, you can start with any). It is used for scrolling or navigating through an open document. Hardware vs. Software Hardware includes the parts of the computer system that you actually can touch (like the keyboard, mouse, monitor, or CPU). These keys are arranged in a specific way on your keyboard. Computer software, or simply software, also known as computer programs, is the non-tangible component of computers. An electronic device that stores, retrieves, and processes data, and can be programmed with instructions.A computer is composed of hardware and software, and can exist in a variety of sizes and configurations. It has increased productivity in industries as diverse as deep sea drilling and fashion design, drastically improved communication globally and made the world’s information available at your fingertips. Loading operating system into computer’s main memory, Keeping all applications in a state of readiness in case needed by the user. josiejossy from Nairobi Kenya on May 02, 2012: Great hub, very informative, thanx for sharing, voted up. PLAY. Well done. We've released a 2-hour video course to teach the basics of computer science. Regular electric supply is necessary to make computers work, which could prove difficult everywhere especially in developing nations. Control unit, arithmetic logic unit and memory are together called the central processing unit or CPU. James Tam What Is Hardware? We have included this unit to help those who are teaching students with no computer background. Computer devices like keyboard, mouse, printer, etc. I. Also, data is safe from normal wear and tear associated with paper. I also did my computer basics like 7 years ago, I am glad that now I am earning online. Enter key – Also known as the return key - it is an alternative to clicking on the okay button. computer. Num Lock – For turning on and off the numeric keypad. For moving items by clicking, holding on and then dragging them. Introduction to Computer. An electronic device that stores, retrieves, and processes data, and can be programmed with instructions. Storage Capacity − Computers can store a very large amount of data at a fraction of cost of traditional storage of files. Or simply put, moving the contents of a page up or down. However, modern computers can do a lot more than calculate. There are many core concepts that are important for all programmers to understand, no matter what programming language they use. As a skill set, it includes a wide variety of different tasks and techniques, but our tutorials are not intended to teach you everything. Right-click – clicking on the right mouse button. Remember to check the others too. Control Unit − As the name suggests, this unit controls all the functions of the computer. A computer is a machine that can be programmed to accept data (input), process it into useful information (output), and store it away (in a secondary storage device) for safekeeping or later reuse. Page down - for navigating through pages that are down the current page. Be patient and wait for your computer to load/boot/start. Hope you enjoy, feel free to ask any questions in the comments. Computers have no intelligence; they follow the instructions blindly without considering the outcome. A beginner s introduction to computer programming : you can do it! Digital computers are more accurate and faster as compared to analogue computers. Dragging – clicking and holding on the mouse button. Computer input is called data and the output obtained after processing it, based on user’s instructions is called information. Digital Computers – They are specifically designed to work on digital data using the binary numbering system which uses two numbers, 0 and 1 (binary Zero and One). Ask if any have prior … Triple-click – clicking thrice on the left button. Types of computers can be classified according to operation principles. * The asterisk - Used for multiplication. Windows logo key - once pressed it brings out the start menu. In simple terms, it is the start-up process of a computer. [Read more…] about Types of Computer Memory. Right Mouse Buttona) Get information from the computer (retrieving)b) Creating shortcuts to / moving items. Booting takes place in two steps −. Voting up and sharing. Warm Booting − When the system is already running and needs to be restarted or rebooted, it is called warm booting. Being a modern-day kid you must have used, seen, or read about computers. Computer Basics: Introduction to computers. Let us start with defining the term computer formally. Frank Fiamor, This is a very insightful literature on the introduction to computers.Thank you. Just press the button in and release it. If you are new to computers or just want to update your computer skills, this free Computer Basics tutorial will show you how. / Forward Slash - Used for calculations dealing with the division. This has a youtube counterpart which is below. The mouse is an important input device used generally in computers for pointing, clicking and dragging. Memory − All input data, instructions and data interim to the processes are stored in the memory. QA76.6.G575 2003 005.1 dc22 2003020686 British Library Cataloguing in Publication Data Computers can do the same task repetitively with same accuracy. Both hardware and software are necessary for working of a computer. ____ 1 Learn basic computer terms ____ 2 Learn about folders, menus and windows ____ 3 Practice using the mouse Lesson 1 Handouts - Computer Basics: A Computer Internet Course for Older Adults Module 1 - Handouts: Computer Basics! This is because they are an integral part of our everyday existence. p. cm. The problem is how can we make them understand us: 1 Storing the data as bit strings. a piece of software permanently programmed into the hardware. Data is a collection of unorganized facts & figures and does not provide any further information regarding patterns, context, etc. The literal meaning of computer is a device that can calculate. The modern electronic equipment uses the same symbol a zero (0) and a one (1) inserted on it to denote the power on and off button. ISBN 0-470-86398-6 (Paper : alk. The processing of input to output is directed by the software but performed by the hardware. My aim is to help others to learn about computers so that they can utilize them to the maximum. Booting is the process by which the computer loads the system files into the main memory in readiness for use. This course is meant for people who are interested that we can see and touch are the hardware components of a computer. The processes that can be applied to data are of two types −. All devices or parts of computer interact through the control unit. A computer is an electronic device that accepts data from the user, processes it, produces results, displays them to the users, and stores the results for future usage. We cannot see or touch software. The first program or set of instructions that run when the computer is switched on is called BIOS or Basic Input Output System. Two types of memory are used by the computer, one for storing data permanently and second for operating. Glad that you enjoyed reading the hub. Scroll buttonIt is usually situated between the right and left buttons. Binary notation is introduced here. Input Unit − Devices like keyboard and mouse that are used to input data and instructions to the computer are called input unit. For subtraction ( difference ) calculations, based on user ’ s … Tag Archives: introduction computers.Thank. See the advantages that computers offer− … Tag Archives: introduction to computer basics tutorial will show how... Central processing unit or CPU instructions to the left mouse button students with no computer.. In order to enter the desired data into the computer is switched on called... Control unit − devices like keyboard, mouse, printer, etc of computer... 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